Although RVs as we know them were invented less than a hundred years ago, the concept goes back several centuries.
It is believed that the first ethnic group to carry on their own with their own homes were the gypsies. Some authors consider that the concept of portable housing was already used by this people in the fifteenth century, as they pulled their waggons-housing with their horses.
The History of the Camping
In the Dictionary of the Royal Academy of the Spanish Language a RV is defined as «a conditioned vehicle to cook and sleep in it towed by a car». The word has its origins in the French words «RVe» and Persian «kārvān».
As a concept, the RV first went through a hybrid phase with the tent and the first trailer-store or tent cars were created .
The world’s first leisure RV was built by the Bristol Carriage Company in 1885 for Dr. W. Gordon-Stables who toured Britain with it while writing his book The Gentleman Gypsy (something like Gypsy Knight). It was a 5.49 meter design, which the doctor named “the Wanderer” (the Wanderer) and who was towed by horses.
Other people followed his example which led to the creation of the first British RVist Club in 1907 with 11 members and chaired by Dr. Gordon himself.
Horse-drawn RVs were very popular until the First World War. The reason was simple: all the horses were requisitioned to be sent to the front.
In the RVs-RV pulled by horses the kitchen used to be always located in the outside (the photo is from 1907)
In America it is said that the first mobile homes were born in 1870 in the Outer Banks of North Carolina, even before the cars had been established in the country. These were transportable beach homes , which moved from place to place using horses, but which have little to do with the current concept of RV.
After the first world war the first RVs began to be manufactured to be towed with the car.
The first RV to be designed for the car was marketed in 1919 by the company Eccles. It was priced at 95 pounds and was reserved only for upper class people.
One of the first companies to carry them out was the German Dethleffs
In Europe the use of RVs quickly spread from the 30s through Germany, Holland and Great Britain. Due to the outbreak of the second world war its use had a break and became popular again from the 50s.
During the happy 20s in the United States the use of the automobile became popular and with it the use of RV trailers.
But after the happy 20s came the great depression of the 30s, and for many the only way to afford a home was to live in a RV. Then, the first RV parks of permanent use were created outside the cities.
The RV parks are still used in the United States especially for low – income people.
Later, the army joined the RV fashion as a quick and economic way of lodging for its soldiers.
Shortly after in the forties another group joined the RVs: surfers. Apparently, fed up with sleeping badly in the car, they needed a space that was comfortable and in which to cook.
So they could have an authentic house on the beach for very little money.
Spain does not remain alien to the emerging industry, and although later, as early as the 1960s, it created its first factories, such as trailer-shops and RVs. The first companies are born as Moncayo (in Zaragoza) or Catusa in Pontevedra. Later, in the 70s, new brands such as Benimar in Castellón and Roller in Barcelona were added.